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Pastoralists Blame State Policies on Resources

Isiolo residents have faulted the government for the challenges of climate change in pastoral areas. The residents aired their views during a workshop on climate change and its impacts on those living in Arid and Semi Arid Lands(Asal areas) in Isiolo.

Read the full publication as it appeared on the Standard September 14 2012.

Kenya Climate Change Authority Bill 2012: Gazetted

In 2009 a forum geared at addressing the phenomena that is Climate Change came together to consolidate their efforts in combating the effects of Climate Change in Kenya. With Civil Society being the representative of the voiceless, it was not hard to see the gaps in Government in addressing Climate Change. The absence of legislation on Climate Change undermined any possibility of coordination between numerous departments of government that need to be involved in addressing the problem. Legislation would provide an institutional framework for coordinating government action and mobilizing resources for the task.

The Civil Society needed to organize themselves in order to influence Climate Change policies , debates and actions. There was also need to formulate strategies and action plan for continental work and in particular preparation towards COP 15. At the time there were debates on whether the process needed to be institutionalized or whether commitment from individuals and institutions was sufficient. All in all it was agreed that there was need for a strong platform for all non state actors to engage in championing any advocacy agenda at the local, national and international levels on Climate Change.

In a meeting in March 2009 there was general consensus that although Kenya is a signatory to many international policies, domestication with due regard to peoples needs and the nation’s needs back at home had remained wanting. The KCCWG was seen as the think tank for Parliament in light of the Global Warming Bill. It was therefore imperative to think about within which framework this law will operate and how it will be implemented.

A task force led by the Kenya National Federation of Agricultural Producers (Dr. John Mutunga) was formed to lead the process towards the Climate Change bill. To inform the bill, KCCWG needed to collect facts about the impacts of Climate Change as well as the possible interventions in Kenya. To enable effective lobbying and advocacy around the Climate Change bill, KCCWG through the speaker of the National Assembly inaugurated a collaboration with the Parliamentarian Network on Renewable Energy and Climate Change(PANARECC) in August 2009. KCCWG also enlisted the help of a drafter Joash Dache, then of the Kenya Law Reform Commission. Several consultative forums at the grassroots level- climate hearings and community barazas - where organized where views on the draft Climate Change bill were given.

A stakeholders meeting was called where a collation of views from hearings were to be incorporated into the bill as well as inputs from the different stakeholders. Two more drafters were enlisted into the process, an environmental lawyer, Odhiambo Makoloo, then of the Institute of for law and Environmental Governance and Wilson Dima Dima of the State law Office. A task-force was appointed to do the final draft incorporating the views given at the meeting so as to hand over the bill to the bill mover, Hon. Wilbur Otichillo. The Naivasha taskforce meeting was the climax of KCCWG spearheading the process where the bill was then to be given to the Land and Natural Resources Committee.
With the introduction of the bill to parliament, the State University of New York, who support Parliamentarians in policy development, took up the process. They brought in the relevant Government committees as well as other stakeholders in a meeting to lobby parliamentarians to rally behind the bill. The bill then became the Climate Change Authority bill and has since been signed by the speaker of the National Assembly. It will now be sent to the Government printers in preparation for the first reading.
There is need to look beyond the bill, and work on the subsidiary legislation's; strategies and mechanisms for implementation. There is also need to train the different groups of people-Government, Private Sector, Civil Society Organizations, and Communities on the bill and monitor its implementation. To achieve all this, the all inclusive and participatory process should continue.

KCCWG Chairman Interview on thePlanned Isiolo City resort and the anticipated impacts on the fragile ecosystem

A Daily Nation publication on an interview with the Chairman, KCCWG, Mr. John Kioli regarding the planned Isiolo City resort and the anticipated impacts on the fragile ecosystems.

Key Milestones in Climate Change Bill

Background Information

Climate change first emerged in the political arena with increasing scientific evidence of interference of humans in the global climate system in the mid 1980s. IPCC was established in 1988 by UNEP and World Meteorological Organisation (WMO). Kenya had not developed a common platform to address climate change issues at national level in the 1980s.Two main bodies existed in Kenya time;

Kenya Climate Forum (KCF) headed by Forest Action Network (FAN) and; National Climate Change Consortium of Kenya (NCCCK) and headed by Kenya National Federation of Agricultural Producers (KENFAP).

Development partners and other stakeholders invited NCCCK and KCF to disCuss the possibility of forming one body to oversee the climate change process. KCCWG was then formed. Its formation coincided with a request for support to Honourable Franklin Bett a private member of the 10th Parliament to come up with a Global Warming Bill.

Phase 1

Each thematic working group of KCCWG was tasked to design and carry out research based on their thematic areas, with the objective of hiving out climate change impact. These groups later convened to identify the core concerns in terms of climate change impact in their respective thematic areas and delivered their findings to KCCWG for inclusion into the draft Climate Change Bill. Issue based task forces were formed. These included the Climate Change Bill task force and the task force on policy and road to the Conference of Parties (COPs). The road to COPs was prepared to inform and advise KCCWG on the international climate change negotiation process. The Climate Change Bill task force was set up to co?ordinate the Climate Change Bill formulation process.
All findings from the thematic groups and task forces were summarized and presented toward the development of a prezero draft. A detailed commentary on the 1st preliminary draft was held and predraft II was produced and circulated to members of KCCWG for their input.

Phase 2
The KCCWG National Steering Committee presented input from predraft II to the drafter for review. This review led to the development of predraft III. Another KCCWG meeting was convened after which a 4th preliminary draft of the bill was drawn. This draft was presented to members of Parliament, among other key stakeholders including the Ministry of Environment in a consultative workshop for their contribution. This culminated in the drafting of draft Zero of the Climate Change Bill.

Phase 3
The Zero draft was simplified to make it easily understood at community level. This draft was shared to various groups through informal climate hearings at constituency level. The input from these meetings were shared in a national stakeholders forum. At this forum, a task force from the stakeholders was formed to ensure that a review of draft Zero was done in accordance with the workshop’s recommendations to form the final draft.

The next step for this process will include regional workshops to share the final draft of the Climate Change Bill and workshops for members of Parliament to sensitise and lobby their support for the draft legislation. After this, the final draft will be handed over to the office of the Attorney General for review.

The bill will then be presented to Parliament for debate after which the Attorney General will appraise and finalise the bill. The final step will involve the ascent of the bill into an Act of Parliament by the Head of State.

Africa Will not Be Sold

December 15, 2009
Interviews available, please contact:
Mithika Mwenda, +45 50 211772

We, the African civil society attending the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen, condemn the proposed appeal by Meles Zenawi with French President, Nicolas Sarkozy. In proposing such an appeal, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi is undermining the bold positions of our negotiators and ministers represented here, and threatening the very future of Africa.
The appeal, if followed, would:

• Threaten Africa with catastrophic damage by allowing warming to rise by 2 degrees C globally and therefore by around 3.5 degrees on the continent of Africa. It risks the lives and livelihoods of literally hundreds of millions of people, including the people of Ethiopia;
• Allocate to the industrialized countries including France atmospheric space worth more than 10 trillion dollars between now and 2050, denying it to developing countries, and threatening Africa’s prospects of economic and social development and the alleviation of poverty; and
• Offer a mere 10 billion in financing for all developing countries in fast-start funding. "The IPCC science is clear - 2 degrees is 3.5 degrees in Africa – this is death to millions of Africans” said Mithika Mwenda of Pan-African Climate Justice Alliance.
"If Prime Minister Meles wants to sell out the lives and hopes of Africans for a pittance - he is welcome to - but that is not Africa's position" Mithika Mwenda.
"Every other African country has committed to policy based on the science. That means at least 45% cuts by rich countries by 2020 and it means $400 billion fast-track finance not $10 billion" said Augustine Njamnshi of Pan-African Climate Justice Alliance.
"You cannot say you are proposing a 'solution' to climate change if your solution will see millions of Africans die and if the poor not the polluters keep paying for climate change" said Augustine Njamnshi.
We condemn the government of France and other developed countries for engaging in “divide and rule” tactics designed to subjugate Africa and undermine good faith negotiations in the United Nations. We call on the people of France to join with the people in Africa to condemn this appeal. We call on President Meles Zenawi to rescind the appeal or to step down as Coordinator of African Heads of State and Governments on Climate Change. Pan-African Climate Justice Alliance